عنوان مقاله [English]
Considering the role of textbooks in forming beliefs and values and the necessity of instruction for religious concepts through other subjects in one hand, and the importance of instruction for religious practical commandments in elementary levels in the other hand, this research is aimed to find a way which practical commandments including: pray, fasting, Jihad, one fifth, alms and Hajj can be presented in the elementary school textbooks such as Farsi and social textbooks. The method of research - being used here - was content analysis and the case was considered as record unit and frequency was as a counting method. Research questions are as follows: first, which aspects of the above-mentioned categories are considerable in the Farsi and social textbooks of elementary levels? Second, is the presentation of pray, fasting, one fifth, alms, Hajj and Jihad through fivefold level of elementary schools different from each other? Third, is their presentation through various subjects of those textbooks differing from each other, too?
Results showed that 78.1% of the educational contents presented in the textbooks belong to Jihad, 16.48% of them included pray, 3.84% to fasting, 1.35% to alms and 0.23% to Hajj. While the research didn't report any content referred to one fifth. The principles of continuity and augmentation have not been considered by curriculum planners in the Farsi and social textbooks.