عنوان مقاله [English]
At times of crisis, patience and tolerance leads to mental health. The lack of impatience and restlessness is so important in ‘patience’ that, in some cases, patience is defined as continuous control of the soul from impatience and avoiding restlessness. Lack of control of impatience leads to many physical and psychological complications. Thus, in this study, impatience in critical situations and the methods of control it have been investigated. The type of study is qualitative (analytical), and it was conducted using a review method that is a combination of systematic review, content analysis, and literature review. The statistical population included the sources of theories, views and studies conducted on this subject, which were searched with the key words: impatience, restlessness, grief, complaint, fear, intolerance, unrest. The main sources used were books in the sphere of Islamic sources and academic papers on the subject-matter. Furthermore, the Qur’an, hadiths and traditions were especially used. The results of study are presented under the following titles: the nature of impatience, causes of impatience, types of impatience, symptoms and manifestations of impatience, function of impatience, damage and consequences of impatience, ways to prevent impatience, and consequences of of prevention. The way to prevent impatience are implemented in four parts: acceptance, relief, support, and initiative. Therefore, it can be said that impatience in a crisis causes damage, and its control increases self-awareness, self-control, and the growth of reason. Hence, learning methods and skills to control it is part of the process of patience and post-traumatic growth.
*قرآن کریم، (1391)، ترجمه ناصر مکارمشیرازی، نشر پیام عدالت.